Brief description of Kitora Tumulus

105◎This stone sealed the entrance to the burial chamber. A hole made by looting in the Kamakura period is at top left.

The stone used to seal the chamber after inserting the coffin showed damage left by a looter, who broke a hole through the stone to enter the chamber interior. Luckily the hole missed the Red Phoenix drawn on the stone’s inner surface.

The stone sealing the chamber was the stone forming its southern wall. After the coffin was inserted, the chamber was securely sealed off. For this reason, plaster was carefully packed around the stone’s edges.

The mountain where Kitora Tumulus is located was called “Kitora” by local residents, but there are various theories regarding the origin of that name.